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Glossary of non-English words.
 
Adi Granth

Adi Granth is the name of the holy scripture of the Sikhs compiled by Guru Arjun Dev Ji in 1604. The prefix adi menas first and Granth means the scripture. The adi Granth was originally known as pothi Sahib (Sacred Scripture).
. ..

Akal Purukh/ Purakh
Akal Purukh is the name of God. Akal Purukh is the being which is beyond time. It is the name of God. This term is applied to God in Sikhism.
. ..
Akali
A baptized and practicing Sikh; (worshipper) of Akal; a member of Shiromani Akali Dal, the political party of the Sikhs.
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Akhand Path
Non-stop reading of the complete text of Guru Granth Sahib.
. ..
Akhara
Monastery, seminary; arena.
. ..
Amavas
New moon, new moon day or night.
. ..
Amrit
Amrit is nectar or holy water used to initiate the sikhs into the KHALSA brotherhood. It is a water of immortality. It is prepared by dissolving sugar or patasha in water and stirred by Panj Piyaras with two edged Khands to the accompaniment of scriptural recitations of five banis in Sarb Loh (all iron or steel) pot. Amrit is supported to confer the eternal life on the neophytes.
. ..
Amrit Dhari

According to sikh code of conduct, any person who is initiated into Khalsa brotherhood is called Amrit Dhari.
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Amrit Veila
Amrit veila is the time before rise (Dawn) which is considered to be the ideal time to pray to God. It is period of peace and calmness for contemplating to the name of God. It is also the time for nam simran (meditation).
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Anand Karj
Anand Karj is the word used for Sikh marriage ceremony. Anand means 'bliss’ and karj means ‘ceremony'. Anand Karj is performed in presence of Sri Guru Granth Sahib.
. ..
Anand Sahib
Anand Sahib is an spiritual composition of Guru Amar Das Ji in Sri Guru Granth Sahib. It consists of fourty pauris and appears at page 917 of Sri Guru Granth Sahib.
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Antim Ardas
The prayer at the time of last rites of a deceased is called Antim Ardas in Sikhism. The sikhs cremate the dead body. After the pyre is lit, all the relatives and friends go to the Gurudwara. An Akhand Path or Sahaj Path (Khulla path) is arranged in Gurudwara or at the home in memory of the deceased. Final ardas is offered after performance of the path and Langar is served to all.
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Ardas

Humble request, supplication; supplicatory prayer of the Sikhs. Ardas can be aloud or silent in one’s thoughts. The ardas was originally composed by Guru Gobind Singh Ji with some additions made by Bhai Mani Singh.
. ..

Asa Di War
It is a composition of Guru Nanak Dev Ji enshrined in Sri Guru Granth Sahib. It includes some verses by Guru Angad Dev Ji. It is set in Rag Asa. Asa di var is divided into slokas and pauries. It is sung at dawn in all the Gurudwaras.
. ..
Athmi / Athvin
Eighth.
. ..
Baba
Old man, form of address for old men; honorific prefix used with names of old men or other venerable persons such as male members of Gurus families.
. ..
Bairagi

A Shaivite cult of Hindu ascetics; any member of such cult.
. ..

Baisakhi
A festival held on the 1st of the Bikrami month of Baisakh. Baisakhi has special importance for Sikhs. Baisakhi takes its name from the month of Baisakhi in Indian Calender. It is the birth anniversary of the Khalsa.
. ..
Bangla
Banglow.
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Bani
Speech, utterance, scriptural hymns or text, same as Gurbani. Bani is arranged in 31 Ragas. The Sikhs recite bani individually as well as in Sangat.
. ..
Baoili
A well with steps leading down to water level .
. ..
Baramaha
Barmaha is the name of composition in Sri Guru Granth Sahib which mention the twelve months (Indian names of the months) in a Calender year.

Baramaha composed by Guru Arjan Dev Ji in Rag Majh is generally read in Gurudwaras on the day of Sangrand. Guru NanakDev Ji also composed Baramaha in Reg Tukhari.
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Ber
Same as beri; fruit of beri, berry.
. ..
Beri
Ziziphus, Mauritania.
. ..
Bhagat
Bhagat means a Saint. In Sikhism, Bhagat generally denotes the devout Sikhs. This ward is also used for those contributors whose bani finds place in Sri guru Granth Sahib. Other than Bani of the Guru’s,Sri Guru Granth Sahib contains Bani of the Bhagats without any discrimination. Whatever Bani is incorporated in Sri Guru Granth Sahib it is revered by the Sikhs at equal basis.
. ..
Bhagat Bani
The hymns of Bhagats and saints that appear in Sri Guru Granth Sahib are called Bhagat Bani. The whole Bani of Sri Guru Granth Sahib is respected equally.
. ..
Bhai
Bhai literally means brother. In sikhs it is respectfully form of address called for brother. Learned sikhs and pious sikhs are acknowledged with the title of Bhai Sahib. It is used as synonymous to priests, Granthis and other employees working in Gurudwaras. It is also used as an ordinary title for all sikhs as a polite form of address for males, Mr.
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Bhakti
Bhakti is devotion towards God. It is concentration of mind
on the name of God.
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Bhog
Bhog signifies pleasure or delight. In Sikhism, Bhog is a ceremony making the conclusion of path of Sri Guru Granth Sahib. It may be conclusion of Akhand Path, Khulla Path (Sahaj Path). Bhog also means funeral services or Antim Ardas.
. ..
Bhora
Basement; dugout.
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Bigha
A land measure equal to ½ acre in Majha, but about 1/5 acre in Malva.
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Bikrami
An Indian era or calendar commencing from mid March 57 B.C.
. ..
Bir
Recension, volume, copy (of Guru Granth Sahib). .
. ..
Bole So Nihal
It is a Sikh slogan. It is completed as Bole So Nihal, Sat Sri Akal. It means that whosoever calls on the true, the supreme and eternal God is blessed by him. It was started by Guru Gobind Singh Ji to palify Sant Sipahis, while sikhs were fighting and hiding in jungles and battlefields. It inspire the sikhs to fight with courage and bravery against injustice. It is uttered loudly after all religion ceremonies.
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Bunga
Hospice, house.
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Chandoa
The Canopy which hangs over Sri Guru Granth Sahib to
cover that area respectfully, is called Chamdoa. Sri Guru Granth Sahib cannot be opened without a Canopy hanging over it. It is a sign of respect.
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Chardi Kala
The inspiring spirit of Sikhs is called Chardi Kala. It
affirms the positive and firm belief in the bright side of life and ever rising high spirit.
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Chaubara
Room on first or higher floor.
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Chaudas
Fourteenth of a lunar fortnight.
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Chaur
Bunch of hairlike attached to a handle to fan Sri Guru
Granth Sahib. It is prepared from feather of peacottle or yak hair and waved as symbol of respect over Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Guru Arjun Dev Ji waved the Chaur when Adi Granth was installed for the first time at Sri Harimandir Sahib at Amritsar.
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Chauth
Fourth day or date.
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Chauthi
Fourth.
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Chhemi/Chhevin
Sixth.
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Chila
Secluded worship usually in a bhora.
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Daan
Aan art of giving as charity.
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Daat
Daat is bounty, gift, benefaction, generosity benevolence.
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Daata
‘God’, the Giver of Daat.
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Daftar
Office.
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Dakshina
Sacrificial gift or honor.
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Dal
A group of persons.
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Dal Khalsa
The name was given to the National Army militia of Sikhs
– a unified army of warriors which came into existence during the turbulent period in Sikh history.
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Dam Dami Taksal
Taksal refers tot he highest religious centre of learning
Sikhism. An institution was established in 1705 in Dam Dama (Talwandi Sahib) to impart education in Gurbani and Sikh religion headed by Baba Deep Singh. So the name goes.
. ..
Damama

Large drum, battle drum.
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Dambh
Dambh Guru Deceitful: Pakhand (Heresy) guru.
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Damdama
Halting or resting place.
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Damdama Sahib, Talwandi Sabo

Damdama Sahib was added into the list of Takhts on November 18, 1966 and now is one of the Five Takhts of the Sikhs. It is located at village Talwandi Sabo. Guru Gobind Singh stayed here after fighting battles against Mughal atrocities.
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Danav
Demon
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Dandant
Kowtow, Kotow, prostrate, a form of salutation by lying
prostrate on the ground.
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Dar
Door, gate.
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Darbar
Court, Guru’s court’ Gurdwara.
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Darbar Sahib
Guru Granth Sahib; name for some important Gurdwaras, particularly the holy complex at Amritsar comprising the holy tank, Harimandir, Akal Takht and other shrines.
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Dargah
Dwelling place of God. Tomb of a Muslim Saint. A
mausoleum.
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Darkness
Ignorance, without the Guru, there is darkness without the
Guru.
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Darshan
Sight, glimpse, audience; philosophy.
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Dasmi/Dasvin
Tenth.
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Dharam / Dharm
Dharma, religion; duty especially religious duty.
. ..
Dharmsal/Dharmsala
Place of worship; Gurdwara; temple.
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Deorhi
Portal, porch, gateway.
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Diwali / Divali / Dipavli
Festival of lamps falling on non-moon of the Bikrarmi month of Kartik of Kattak.
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Divan
Congregation, service or session of Kirtan or Katha.
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Divanghar / Divanhall
Hall or pavilion for holding diwan.
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Doaba
Part of the Punjab lying between the Rivers Sutlej and Beas.
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Duj
Second day or date usually of a lunar month. .
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Duji / Dusari
Second.
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Ek
One; God is one and second is none. Guru Gobind Singh Ji
says that the type of ideal society contains neither class nor caste distinction. It is one.
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Eka Kavao
One creative principle.
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Ekadshi
Eleventh Lunar day, 11th day of Lunar fortnight.
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Ekam
First day of Lunar fortnight.
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Ekankar / Ekankar / Ek-Onkar

           

One absolute Being, One universal being. God is one. The one God.
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Emanicipation
Emanicipation or Mukti means freedom from bondage,
liberation from the cycle of birth and death by seeking unity with God and this may be attained through good deeds and Naam Simran.
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Falcon
Eagle, Hawk, Baaz.
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Fani /Fanah
End of existence, destruction, death.
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Faqir
A saint or devotee or a religious minded person who is
devoted to meditation. The word is also used for Muslim renunciants.
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Farangi / Firangi
The word is used for a person of European origin.
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Farman / Furman
Divine order, Royal order.
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Fateh
Victory, Salutation.
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Faujdar
Garrison commander; officer ruling over a sircar (during the Mughal period).
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Gadar
Mutiny; name of an anti-British movement launched by Indian revolutionaries in North America in 1913-15.
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Gaatra
Sword belt; Kirpan as an article of Sikh faith is generally
worn sheathed with a sword belt called Gaatra.
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Gach
A plaster of various mixes.
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Gaddi
Throne of Gurus. An elevated seat or office of spiritual
leaders.
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Gagan
Sky, Heaven
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Gakhro
Hard, difficult
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Gandharvas
Divine minstrets, celestial beings.
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Gaphil
Negligent, thoughtless, needless.
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Garb
Pride, ego, hankar
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Garbh
Womb
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Garhi
A fortress
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Garibi
Poverty, humility
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Garib Niwaj
Din Niwaj: The Nourisher of the poor.
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Garuda
Mythological bird, Hindu Name, Garur Bhagwan.
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Gatka
Swordmanship – It is a sword practice with wooden swords
or sticks – a part of martial art gifted to Sikhs by Guru Hargobind Singh Ji.
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Ghallughara
It has reference to incidents that led to the loss of Sikh
lives and general destruction.
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Ghorian
Wedding song sung at the time of bridegroom’s ride on a
Ghori (Mare).
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Golak

A charity box, or a Money box.
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Granth
Book, tome; Guru Granth Sahib.
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Granthi

Scripture reader, Guru Granth Sahib.
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Gurbani / Gurbaani

Utterance of, hymns composed by the Gurus; text of Guru Granth Sahib.
. .

Gurdwara

A Sikh place of worship.
. .

Gurgaddi
Seat of the Guru, Guru’s throne, pontificate.
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Gurmat
Tenets of Sikhs faith, Sikh theology, Sikhism.
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Gurmata
Resolution, plan of action approved by Sangat or Sarbatt Khalsa in the presence of Guru Granth Sahib.
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Gurmukh
The word Gurmukh denotes a person whose way of life is
according to the Guru’s teachings or instructions and is attuned to the Will of God.
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Gurmukhi

Gurmukhi is a script which is used for writing Punjabi language. Though it literally means words coming from the mouth of the Guru.
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Gurpurab

It is the religious festival of the Sikhs and is linked with theanniversary of the Parkash utsav (birthday – Janam Din), Guruship – coronation day (Gurgaddi Divas), Shaheedi Divas (Martydom day) or death (Jyoti jot Divas) of the Sikh Gurus.
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Gurughar
Guru’s house, Gurdwara.
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Guru ka Langar
Free of joint community meal especially one arranged in Gurdwaras; common kitchen attached to or run by Gurdwaras.
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Haveli
A larve walled or fortified house.
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Hola Mahalla

Hola Mahalla is an annual spring festival of the Sikhs. It is believed that Guru Gobind Singh used to train the Sikhs in the art of mock battles on this day at Anandpur Sahib. Literally Hola means Hamla or Halla (Attack).
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Hukam
Order, command;’ Divine Will, order or law; same as vak.
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Hukam Laina

Hukam Laina is taking order or command by a random reading from Sri Guru Granth Sahib.
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Hukam Nama

Hukam Nama denotes injunction or order passed by the Sikh Gurus or the Jathedars of the five Takhts. It is a strong edict which no one can defy in Sikhism and is a binding on all. First Hukam Nama was issued by Guru Hargobind Ji from Sri Akal Takht.
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Idol Worship

Idol worship means worshipping of images / Idol / Pictures etc. The sikh Gurus did not approve such type of worship.
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Ik Onkar

It is an important symbol and creed of Sikhism. It is the essence of Sri Guru Granth Sahib. It means that ‘God is One’.
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Janam Asthan
Place of birth.
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Janamsakhi
Biography especially one of the early biographical – cum – hagiographical accounts of Guru Nanak Dev’s life.
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Jand
A desert tree, Prosopis spicigera.
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Jap Sahib

It is the morning prayer of Sikhs and a complement to Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s Japji Sahib. It is in praise of God who is most beautiful, omnipotent, inborn, changeless and merciful. It is believed to be the first composition written by Guru Gobind Singh Ji around 1684 at Anandpur Sahib.
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Japji Sahib
It was composed by Guru Nanak Dev Ji. It is one of the
Banis recited especially in the morning and while preparing Amrit. It has 38 pauris, Mumantar & two slokas Sri Guru Granth Sahib starts with Japji Sahib and Japji Sahib starts with Ik Onkar.
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Jatha

Group, band of volunteers.
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Jathedar
Leader of jatha.
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Ji
An honorific suffix.
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Jivan Mukt
Liberated during the present life on this Earth.
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Jora
Pair, couple; pair of shoes; set of garments.
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Jor-mela
Religious fair.
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Kaka's - Five K’s

Refers to five articles of Sikh faith which are:

1. Kesh uncut hair
2. Kangha comb
3. Kara Iron/Steel bangle
4. Kirpan Sri Sahib-sword
5. Kachha under shorts/short pants
. ..

Karah Parsad

Sacred pudding (Consecrated pudding of wheat-flour, sugar and clarified butter) to be distributed among the congregation after offering to God at the end of the Sikh religious service. the offering is made holy and sanctioned by crossing it with Kirpan at the end of Ardas.
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Karseva
Voluntary and selfless service. it is performed by the
community for building Gurdwaras and cleaning Sarovars (holy tanks).
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Karsevawale
Engaged in kar-seva.
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Katha

It is a religious or spiritual discourse or a story.
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Keshdhari

He is a Sikh who does not cut his hair.
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Khalsa
The entire body, brotherhood or community of Sikhs, especially of baptized and practicing Sikhs; the Sikh Panth as redefined and reorganized by Guru Gobind Singh in 1699.
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Khanda

It is an Insignia of the Khalsa Panth. It is a symbol of temporal and Divine power. It is double-edged sword with curved sides and triangular point.
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Khande da amrit / Khande di Pahul
. ..

Initiation ceremony of the Khalsa.
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Khuh
. ..

A well.
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Khuhi
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A small (narrow) well.
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Kirat
. ..

Work, business, labor.
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Kirtan
Singing of hymns in praise of God. It is devotional
music.
. .
Kotha
. ..

Room, house.
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Kotwal
. ..

Police commissioner (of a town).
. ..

Lachi
. ..

Cardamom
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Langar

It is a free community kitchen started by Guru Nanak Dev Ji so that no body dies of hunger or famine.
. ..

Lawan

It is the name of Bani of Guru Ram Dass composed in Suhi Raag for solemnizing the Sikh wedding ceremony (Anand Karj).
. ..

Lohri
. ..

A winter festival falling on the last day of the Bikrami month of Poh.
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Maghi

It is an festival celebrated by the Sikhs on the first day of month ‘Maghi’ (BS), the lunar month. Maghi falls on Sangrand which normally coincides with January 14 every year.
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Mahant

Priest, head of a temple or monastry. They used to supervise the day to day affairs of in Gurudwara before Gurudwara Act of 1925 which came into being to stop Mahants from committing immoral activities.
. ..

Mai
. ..

Old woman, mother, lady; form of address for elderly, respectable women.
. ..

Majha
. ..

Central region of the Punjab, particularly comprising Lahore, Amritsar and Gurdaspur districts.
. ..

Mal
. ..

A desert tree, Quercus incana.
. ..

Mala

It means garland or string of beads.
. ..

Mall Akhara
. ..

Wrestling pit.
. ..

Malva
. ..

Cis-Sutlej region of the Punjab comprising Firozpur, Faridkot, Bhatinda, Sangrur, Ludhiana, Patiala, Mansa, Fatehgarh Sahib and Ropar districts, (Roper and part of Patiala district fall, strictly speaking, in Puadh but are now generally treated as part of Malva).
. ..

Manji
. ..

Lit. cot; diocese, preaching district established by Guru Amar Das and his successor Gurus.
. ..

Manji Sahib
. ..

An architectural design for sacred shrines consisting of a small, low-roofed, domed room, usually about three-metre square; and sacred shrine, Gurdwara originally built in this design.
. ..

Masand
. ..

Guru’s agent – cum – preacher appointed during the time of the fourth to the tenth Guru. Guru Gobind Singh abolished the institution shortly before the creation of the Khalsa.
. ..

Mata
. ..

Mother, old lady, prefixed to the name of respectable ladies including ladies of the Guru’s household.
. ..

Maya
. ..

Money, pelf; the phenomenal world; illusion.
. ..

Mayadhari
. ..

Person attached to money; Mammon-worshipper.
. ..

Misl
. ..

Any of the eleven divisions of the Dal Khalsa, the confederate army of the Sikhs during the latter eighteen century.
. ..

Mittha
. ..

Sweet
. ..

Morcha
. ..

Lit. trench, fortification, battle or war front; agitation, confrontation.
. ..

Mukt / Mukta

Liberated person, freed from the cycle of the birth, death the rebirth.
. ..

Mukti

Liberation from the cycle of transmigration of soul.
. ..

Mul Mantar

Literally, it means basic or fundamental formula. It is the basic formula of Sikhism Sri Guru Granth Sahib starts with Mul Mantar.
. ..

Nam / Naam

Lit. name God’s Name God; the created universe; same as shabad or Gurbani; the mystic word.
. ..

Naam Karan

Naming of a new born Sikh child and the ceremony is performed in presence of Sri Guru Granth Sahib.
. ..

Naam Simran

Remembering the name of the God.
. ..

Nagar Kirtan
A religious procession of reciting and singing of hymns,
through the streets of village or the city on special religious occasion. This procession spreads the message of universal brotherhood, peace and prosperity.
. ..
Nagara
A large conventional drum, kept in Gurudwaras and
sounded at appropriate times either to invite friends or challenge the enemies. It is also sounded for inviting Sangat for partaking Langar.
. ..
Naumi / Nauvin

Ninth.
. ..

Nihang

A sect of baptized, ever ready heavily armed Sikhs; a member of this sect or one dressed and equipped in this manner; a member of Buddha Dal or Taruna Dal into which Nihangs are organized.
. ..

Nimm

Margo tree, Azadirechta indica.
. ..

Nirmla

A sect of scholars engaged in intensive study of Sikhs Scriptures as well as of Hindu classics; a member of this sect. Nirmalas are not necessarily baptized as the Khalsa; they can be recognized by wearing ochre dress or at least one ochre garment. Most of them practice celibacy.
. ..

Nishan Sahib

The Sikh flag or standard, triangular in shape and saffron in color except in the case of Nihangs who have dark blue flag. Nishan Sahib is the essential distinguishing feature of Gurdwaras.
. ..

Nitnam / Nitnem

It means daily and regular recitation of Gurbani by a Sikh.
. ..

Padshan / Padshahi
. ..

Same as Patshah and Patshahi respectively.
. ..

Pahili
. ..

First.
. ..

Pahul
. ..

Baptism, initiation ceremony.
. ..

Palaki
. ..

Portable canopied seat, palanquin.
. ..

Panchmi
. ..

Fifth.
. ..

Pangat
. ..

Row, line, especially of diners in Guru Ka Langar commensality.
. ..

Panda
IBrahman priest especially one at a place of pilgrimage.
. ..
Panj Payaras (Five Beloveds)
The first five Sikhs who came forward at Guru Gobind Singh’s call, at Anandpur Sahib on 30th March 1699, for heads. The Guru named them Panj Piare (lit. the five beloved ones). The Guru administered khande di pahul to them and then asked them to likewise baptize him. Thereafter any five baptized, practicing, pious Sikhs selected to conduct the baptism ceremony of the Khalsa or for other ceremonial occasions such as leading a procession or inaugurating kar-seva, have been called Panj Piare.
. ..
Panjvin
. ..

Fifth.
. ..

Panth
. ..

Lit. Path; religion; religious community; the Sikh community.
. ..

Panthic / Panthik
. ..

Pertaining to Panth.
. ..

Parikarma
. ..

Circumambulation; circumambulatory passage or terrace.
. ..

Parkash
. ..

Light; open state of Guru Granth Sahib.
. ..

Parkash Asthan
. ..

Sanctum, the place where Guru Granth Sahib is seated.
. ..

Path

It is reading or recitation of Sri Guru Granth Sahib and Akhand Path is continuous reading of complete Sri Guru Granth Sahib by a team of relay readers.
. ..

Pathi
It refers to the person who reads Sri Guru Granth Sahib.
. ..
Patshah
. ..

King, sovereign; an epither for God and Guru.
. ..

Patshahi
. ..

Kingdom, rule; term indicating a particular Guru by adding the relative numeral or its equivalent adjective; for example ‘Patshahi Pahili’ means Guru Nanak Dev and ‘Patshahi 10, Dasmi or Dasvin’ stands for Guru Gobind Singh.
. ..

P. E. P. S. U.
. ..

Abbreviation for Patiala and East Punjab States Union, a union of eight princely states formed in 1948 as a single Part B State under the Indian Constitution. It was merged with the Punjab in 1956.
. ..

Pilu
. ..

Fruit of van tree, a kind of small, globular, sweet, succulent drupelet.
. ..

Pipal
. ..

A kind of tree considered sacred by Hindus, Ficus religiosa.
. ..

Pothi
. ..

Book, religious or sacred book; breviary; original name of Guru Granth Sahib. vv
. ..

Prakash / Parkash Asthan
. ..

Same as Parkash and Parkash Asthan respectively.
. ..

Principles of Sikhism

It has a prescribed code of conduct such as:

Kirt Karna - to earn livelihood with honest means and become independent from necessities of life.

Wand Chhakra - to share the earnings with others who have less.

Nam Japna (Meditation) - remembering the name of God with concentration.
. ..

Pujari
. ..

Worshipper; priest.
. ..

Puranmasi
. ..

Full-moon, full-moon day or night.
. ..

Ragi

The singers (Kurtanias) who sing the hymns of Sri Guru Granth Sahib in Ragas.
. ..

Rahit / Rehat
. ..

Way of living especially as prescribed by religion; religious conduct.
. ..

Rahit maryada /
Rehat maryada
. ..

The prescribed code of conduct.
. ..

Rahitnama /
Rehatnama
. ..

Written code of conduct.
. ..

Rakhri or Rakhi
Rakhri or Rakhi means protection. A coloured thread tied
by sisters on the wrists of their brother for seeking protection from them. But Sikh religion gives equal status to women so no talk of protection. It is a mere custom.
. ..
Ritha
. ..

Soapnut, soapnut tree, Sapindus detergens.
. ..

Rukkh
. ..

Tree.
. ..

Sachcha Patsha
. ..

True king; God or Guru; a form of address for the Gurus that became current during the time of Guru Ram Das, or perhaps earlier.
. ..

Sadh Sangat
Sadh an assembly of truthful living persons whereas Sangat means to sit together where one Name of God is recited.
. ..
Sahib
. ..

An honorific, honorifical suffix.
. ..

Samadh
. ..

Memorial built over ashes of a deceased person.
. ..

Samadhi
. ..

Same as samadh; mystic trance usually in sitting posture.
. ..

Sangat
. ..

Company; religious congregation; religious community; body of worshippers assembled in a Gurdwara.
. ..

Sangrand
. ..

First day of a Bikrami month; congregation or festival held to observe this day.
. ..

Sant
. ..

Saint, particularly one believing in the One Transcendent God.
. ..

Sar
. ..

Same as sarovar.
. ..

Sarbarah
. ..

Chief manager, managing agent.
. ..

Sarbat
. ..

All, whole.
. ..

Sarbat Khalsa
. ..

A Sikh institution, a special assembly representing the entire Khalsa Panth.
. ..

Saropa / Siropa
It is a robe of honour conferred by the religious person or a
priest of the Gurdwara to any member of the community to appreciate his extra ordinary services for the human cause.
. ..
Sarovar
. ..

Sacred bathing tank usually attached to Gurdwaras.
. ..

Sat Sri Akal
Literal meaning is, the Timeless is True. It is the slogan of
the Sikhs.
. ..
Satmi / Satvin
. ..

Seventh.
. ..

Satsang
. ..

Religious gathering.
. ..

Satsangat
. ..

True sangat; holy congregation.
. ..

Seva
It means selfless and voluntary service for the benefit of
humanity without any personal gain.
. ..
S G P C
. ..

Abbreviation for Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee.

A representative body organized in 1920 for bringing historical Gurdwaras under communal control. The Sikh Gurdwaras Act 1925, gave it a statutory and entrusted to it through government notification. It has 160 members, 140 of register themselves as votes, every five years, and an executive chosen annually by the elected members.
. ... ..

Shabad / Shabda
Word; sound; the Word; a sacred hymn.
. ... ..
Shahid / Shaheed
. ..

Martyr.
. ..

Shahidi
. ..

Martyrdom; concerning martyrdom.
. ..

Shahidi Jatha
. ..

Band of volunteers vowed to do-or-die.
. ..

Shiromini Akali Dal
. ..

A political party representing the Sikh community.
. ..

Shisham
. ..

Same as tahli.
. ..

Sikh
Lit. Disciple; follower of Sikhism, a member of Sikh community .
. ..
Singh
A baptized, practicing Sikh, lit lion; the common surname for the Sikhs.
. ..
Sri Guru Granth Sahib
It is the Eternal Guru of the Sikhs. It is a holy scripture.
Originally it was compiled by Guru Arjjun Dev Ji in installed at Sri Harmandar Sahib in 1604 A.D. and Bhai Buddha was appointed the first Granthi. The final shape was given by Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji by adding the Bani of Guru Teg Bahadur Ji into the Adi Granth at Damdama Sahib in 1705.
. ..
Subedar
. ..

Governor of a province under the Mughals.
. ..

Sudi
. ..

Lighter half of a lunar month.
. ..

Tahli
. ..

A tree, Dalbergia sissoo.
. ..

Tahsil / Tehsil
. ..

Sub-division of a district.
. ..

Takht

It means a throne on a seat of authority. The Five Takhats

are Gurudwaras of historical significance recognise by the Sikh world.

The Five Takhts are:

1)Sri Akal Takht Sahib, Amritsar, Punjab.
2)Takht Sri Harmandar Sahib, Patna, Bihar.
3)Takht Sri Keshgarh, Anandpur Sahib, Punjab.
4)Takht Sri Hazoor Sahib, Nander, Maharashtra.
5)Takht Sri Damdamo Sahib, Talwandi Sabo Ki, Bhatinda, ...Punjab.
. ..

Tanbu
. ..

Tent.
. ..

Tankhah
. ..

Lit. salary; punishment for religious demeanor or lapse.
. ..

Tankhahia
. ..

Person declared liable to punishment for any religious offense.
. ..

Tap
. ..

Austerities, intensive meditation.
. ..

Tapiana / Tap asthan
. ..

Place of tap.
. ..

Thamb
. ..

Pillar.
. ..

Thana
. ..

Police Station.
. ..

Thanedar
. ..

Officer in charge of a police station.
. ..

Thara
. ..

Platform of masonry.
. ..

Thara Sahib
. ..

A sacred platform. vv
. ..

Tibba / Tibbi
. ..

Mound.
. ..

Tiji / Tisari
. ..

Third.
. ..

Tittar
. ..

Partridge.
. ..

Udasi
Lit. sadness, lonesomeness; a sect of unbaptized Sikh Sadhus, a member of this sect; travel, odyssey especially those undertaken by Guru Nanak Dev.
....
Vadi
Dark half of a lunar month.
....
Vak / Vaak
Recitation of a hymn from Guru Granth Sahib opened at random.
....
Van
A desert tree, Quercus incana.
....
Waheguru
The Wonderful Lord.
....
Yogi
Practitioner of Yoga.
....
Zafarnama
It is the letter of victory. It is in the form of a victory letter
written by Guru Gobind Singh to Emperor Aurangzeb in Persian in the form of poetry in 1705.
....

 
 
 
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